Glucose and Fructose Satiate the Brain Differently

How insulin, GLP-1, and ghrelin affects the brain and behaviour

he modern Western diet is high in fructose, not from fruits but table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup. Previously in “Can Swapping Fructose for Starch Improve Metabolic Health?”, I discussed how excessive fructose impairs overall metabolic health, which can be reversed by replacing it with glucose or starch like bread or rice. Even in nature, fructose is the primary means by which animals store fat to prepare for food shortages.